One thing the vast majority of the world do when they wake up in the morning is brew up a Cuppa Joe and often debated and questioned is the Espresso Vs Coffee taste which is better and what the differences are.
This is exactly what I will go into in this article. By the time you have finished reading this article, you will know all about Espresso and the relationship to regular coffee and how they differ and which is better and why.
What Is Espresso?
- 1 What Is Espresso?
- 2 Are Espresso Beans And Regular Coffee Beans The Same?
- 3 Can You Make An Espresso With Regular Coffee Beans?
- 4 What Is The Difference Between Espresso And Regular Coffee?
- 5 Espresso Vs Coffee Caffeine Content
- 6 Does Espresso Taste Like Black Coffee?
- 7 Do You Drink Espresso Straight?
- 8 Why Is Espresso So Small?
- 9 Frappé-Ing It All Up – Espresso Vs Coffee Taste
An Espresso is a short shot of intense coffee that has its origins in Italy after the invention of the espresso machine by Angel Moriondo in 1884 where his invention uses 9 to 10 bars of pressure to force almost boiling water of 92C to 96C (195F to 205F) through very finely ground coffee beans that are dark roasted.
The result is a shot of espresso coffee with a rich light reddish brown crema on top. The crema is a product of the air bubbles combining with the finely ground coffee grounds soluble oils.
This crema is distinctive of an espresso or a ristretto, a focused slightly stronger espresso shot and cannot be replicated without a high powered espresso machine. You can try to replicate it but without the water pressure you can’t.
Are Espresso Beans And Regular Coffee Beans The Same?
well, sort of. I’ll explain, there are only 4 different types of coffee beans with the majority some 90% are Arabica (60%) and Robusta (30%). The remaining 2 that make up the remaining 10% are Excelsa and Liberica.
Espresso and other regular coffee beans are by the majority Arabica or Robusta beans, with Espresso a blend with some Robusta added to increase the caffeine content. In this aspect, both espresso beans and other regular coffee beans are the same.
This is something that holds true with literally all types of coffee, unless you happen upon Excelsa or Liberica beans, which are difficult to both find and source due to their rarity.
The difference between all coffee beans, other than speciality beans and one of single origin is the roast level. An espresso is not a particular coffee bean, it’s a roast, a level of dark roast. Any coffee bean can become an espresso through the roasting process.
Can You Make An Espresso With Regular Coffee Beans?
again, this is one of those “yes, but sort of” answers. You can certainly grind to a fine powder and use them to make an espresso in your special espresso machine, or a machine for espresso extraction like an aeropress (which does only a reasonable job at espresso extraction) you will end up with a shot of espresso that is rather sour, tart and off tasting.
A true espresso with a full-bodied taste and rich crema will work only with a dark roast as you need the coffee oils to be more present to get that crema.
Note: You can get an espresso from a blonde roast, however it takes a bit of a variation to the brewing process and a bit of practice to get it spot on. It tastes great, but here in this article we are focusing on an espresso in the traditional sense.
What Is The Difference Between Espresso And Regular Coffee?
To be very specific, the difference between espresso and regular coffee is related to how the cup of coffee is prepared and the roast of the beans must be an espresso roast. These are the important aspects of what makes the distinctive concentrated coffee that Italians love.
Let’s talk about how Espresso Vs. Coffee compare how they match up and differ
Coffee Vs Espresso – The Grind
The required grind size for an espresso is markedly much finer and very powder like than other brewing processes, methods and types of coffee such as drip brewed coffee, French press, cold brew and so on.
Very few coffees, other than an espresso and Turkish coffee use a fine grind.
The reason for such a fine grind is due to the short contact time between the hot water and the coffee grounds. The typical contact time is typically 25 seconds.
Regular coffee will require various grind sizes but does not require a fine grind. A French press and cold brew, for example, need a coarse ground size.
The Roast Level
Espresso beans are darker roasted as they are roasted at a slightly higher temperature and for longer than coffee beans that are medium roast and medium-dark roast which are the typical roast levels for drip coffee, black coffee (Aka Caffe Americano), or other normal coffee drinks.
Espresso beans are roasted longer and darker than the beans used for drip coffee.
The Brewing Methods & Brewing Time
This is one of the bigger variations you can get when comparing two types of coffee as no two brew methods are similar and the taste of coffee produced is very different when using the same beans, the same water and all other variables being the same.
For a regular or normal cup of coffee you can brew with a chemex, a siphon coffee machine, a French press, a moka pot. Each one, each brewing method and type of brewing process produce different results and a slightly different coffee.
To brew up an espresso or an espresso-based drink like a latte, a cortado, a flat white, you will need an espresso machine. An Aeropress is a good close second but does not quite hit the spot.
A regular coffee pot cannot brew an espresso, neither can a moka pot or French press and so on, does not produce the pressure required for the proper extraction process to produce the crema.
The Taste Of An Espresso Vs Coffee
When your coffee grounds are in contact with the water, the coffee oils and flavonoids and other compounds that affect and contribute to the flavor profile of the coffee.
The different compounds within the beans get extracted at different pressures, temperatures, and different brewing times.
Hence, the different brewing times, temperatures and, in the case of an espresso, the water pressures.
The earthy compounds are extracted quicker and before the bitter compounds, which take longer. This is where brew times and the effect they have on the taste of a coffee. Longer extraction times result in a more bitter coffee, especially when over brewed and over extracted.
The different brewing methods, techniques and their different contact times and brewing times make a cup of coffee that tastes very different when the same exact coffee beans are used. The reason for this is due to how the compounds are extracted and which ones.
If this is something you question, then try brewing a coffee with a French press, a drip brew, cold brew and an espresso shot.
After trying this combination of coffee brewing techniques, you will note just how different they taste.
An espresso has a distinct a taste. It is smooth and sweet on your tongue with no bitter, sour or ash like tastes. The taste will linger on your palate in a pleasant fashion. Its texture is notably thicker than drip coffee.
Espresso Vs Coffee Caffeine Content
It is often thought, believed and stated that an espresso is much stronger than regular coffee. This is only partially true.
A regular coffee by most brewing methods has more caffeine than a shot of espresso. A French press coffee for example, has 150 mg per 12 ounce (360ml) cup where as an espresso has around 60 mg of caffeine.
However, on a per ounce or per millilitre basis, an espresso has more caffeine.
Does Espresso Taste Like Black Coffee?
No, not at all.
An espresso, especially a double shot might give you the impression that it will taste like a black coffee. An espresso has a more intense flavour and ratio of those flavor compounds.
If you were able to make a double espresso with the same beans and same brewing technique and process as you would make a black coffee and add more hot water you will still not get the same taste. It will just taste like a weak and watery espresso.
Do You Drink Espresso Straight?
an espresso, be it a double shot or my own favorite a double ristretto is supposed to be drunk straight. You can have it with a mini dark chocolate.
Why Is Espresso So Small?
An espresso is brewed by means of pressure, water pressurises the coffee grounds which produces a crema layer at the top. For this crema to be produced, it needs a small cup. If a larger cup and more coffee is used, the crema layer spreads out and gets dissipated over the larger area.
Frappé-Ing It All Up – Espresso Vs Coffee Taste
After reading this there is no question the Espresso vs Coffee Taste and how they are very different. My own preference for which is the best is of course, subjective, is an espresso. It is very distinct, unique and is the base for many of the milk based coffee drinks for a reason.
With that said, I am also a fan of regular coffee and when I brew a regular coffee, a non-espresso, I am a sucker for using a French press. With a French press, you have full control of all the variables and can, and will brew up a delicious cup of coffee.